Printing ISSN
الساتل للعلوم الإنسانية: 2518-539X
الساتل للعلوم التطبيقية: 2518-5969
Online ISSN
الساتل للعلوم الإنسانية: 2518-5403
الساتل للعلوم التطبيقية: 2518-5977

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The relationship between economic growth rate and unemployment: Testing Okun’s law on oil and non-oil countries (A case study of the economies Tunisia, Egypt, Algeria and Libya for the period 2000-2017)

Mohamed Ali Alsanusi
Mohamed Salim Abu Saa
Ali Aljroushi
The study aimed to test the Okun’s relationship between unemployment and economic growth rate and to estimate the Okun’s coefficient in the oil countries (Libya and Algeria) and the non-oil countries (Tunisia and Egypt). The first static and dynamic difference model for the Okun’s relationship, and the standard results obtained showed the lack of significance of the estimated models for the oil countries (Libya and Algeria), while the estimated models for the non-oil countries (Egypt and Tunisia) achieved statistical and economic significance, and the study concluded that the Okun’s relationship does not apply to the economies of All countries. In this study, it did not apply to the economies of the oil-countries, while it applies to non-oil countries, due to several reasons, the most important are: the structure of the non-diversified rentier oil economy that depends on oil and its revenues greatly. and unemployment in oil-countries is not cyclical unemployment related to econ.


Date Published : 2021-10-10
Date Received : 2021-05-31
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The most commonly used intravenous anesthetic drugs for induction of general anesthesia by anesthesiologists in Misurata hospitals

Eyman Mustafa Bakier
The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the most commonly used intravenous anesthetic drugs for induction of general anesthesia by anesthesiologists in Misurata hospitals. There was a total of 40 anesthesiologists. The respondents were worked in different hospitals in Misurata (public and private hospitals). Questionnaires were distributed to anesthesiologists in June 2021. Most of the respondents were those with more than ten years of experience (40%), and that (75%) of them work in both public and private hospitals. The study showed that the most common intravenous drugs in general anesthesia for induction are propofol (60%) and ketamine (37.5%), and one of the reasons for choosing them as the most common intravenous drugs in general anesthesia for induction is their availability, safety, cheapness and fast induction. This study revealed many advantages of these drugs, the most important of which were: potent hypnotic, rapid induction and fast anesthesia. It also has many dis.


Date Published : 2021-11-30
Date Received : 2021-09-28
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